Carl Albert Nurnberger viola bow
Sixth generation bow maker Carl Albert Nürnberger (1885-1971) is one of the most important German makers of the 20th century. He studied in Markneukirchen under his father, Franz Albert Nürnberger (1854-1931), who modeled bows on those of the acclaimed French maker, François Xavier Tourte. Working with his brother Philip Paul (1882-1946), Carl Albert further refined their fathers model, and exported the bows to the United States, labeling them "Albert Nürnberger." Nürnberger bows were extremely sought-after and owned by leading players of the 20th century, including Eugène Ysaÿe, Jan Kubelik, Fritz Kreisler, and David Oistrakh.